Food Additives and their purpose

100 Curcumim or Turmeric
101* Riboflavin or Riboflavin 5 39 phosphate sodium
102 Tartrazine
103 Alkanet or Alkannin
104 Quinoline yellow
110 Sunset yellow FCF
120 Cochineal or Carmines or Carminic acid
122 Azorubine or Carmoisine
123 Amaranth
124 Ponceau 4R
127 Erythrosine
129 Allura red AC
132 Indigotine
133 Brilliant Blue FCF
140 Chlorophyll
141 Chlorophyll-copper complex or Chlorophyllin copper complex,
sodium and potassium salts
142 Green S
143 Fast green FCF
150a Caramel I
150b Caramel II
150c Caramel III
150d Caramel IV
151 Brilliant black BN or Brilliant Black PN
153 Carbon blacks or Vegetable carbon
155 Brown HT
160a* Carotene
160b Annatto extracts
160c Paprika oleoresins
160d Lycopene
160e* beta-apo-8' Carotenal
160f* beta-apo-8' Carotenoic acid, methyl or ethyl ester
161a Flavoxanthin
161b Lutein
161c Kryptoxanthin
161d Rubixanthin
161e Violoxanthin
161f Rhodoxanthin
162 Beet red
163 Anthocyanins or Grape skin extract or Blackcurrant extract
164 Saffron or Crocetin or Crocin
170* Calcium carbonate
171 Titanium dioxide
172 Iron oxide
173 Aluminium
174 Silver
175 Gold
181 Tannic acid or Tannins

200 Sorbic acid
201 Sodium sorbate
202 Potassium sorbate
203 Calcium sorbate
210 Benzoic acid
211 Sodium benzoate
212 Potassium benzoate
213 Calcium benzoate
216 Propylparaben or Propyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate
218 Methylparaben or Methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate
220 Sulphur dioxide
221 Sodium sulphite
222 Sodium bisulphite
223 Sodium metabisulphite
224 Potassium metabisulphite
225 Potassium sulphite
228 Potassium bisulphite
234 Nisin
235 Natamycin or Pimaricin
242 Dimethyl dicarbonate
249 Potassium nitrite
250 Sodium nitrite
251 Sodium nitrate
252 Potassium nitrate
280 Propionic acid
281 Sodium propionate
282 Calcium propionate
283 Potassium propionate
385 Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate or Calcium disodium EDTA
1105 Lysozyme

260 Acetic acid, glacial
261 Potassium acetate
262 Sodium acetate or Sodium diacetate
263 Calcium acetate
264 Ammonium acetate
270 Lactic acid
296 Malic acid
297 Fumaric acid
325 Sodium lactate
326 Potassium lactate
327* Calcium lactate
328 Ammonium lactate
329 Magnesium lactate
330 Citric acid
331 Sodium citrates
332 Potassium citrates
333* Calcium citrate
334 Tartaric acid
335 Sodium tartrate
336 Potassium tartrate or Potassium acid tartrate
337 Potassium sodium tartrate
338* Phosphoric acid
339* Sodium phosphates
340* Potassium phosphates
341* Calcium phosphates
342 Ammonium phosphates
343* Magnesium phosphates
349 Ammonium malate
350 Sodium malates
351 Potassium malate
352 Calcium malate
353 Metatartaric acid
354 Calcium tartrate
355 Adipic acid
357 Potassium adipate
359 Ammonium adipates
363 Succinic acid
365 Sodium fumarate
366 Potassium fumarate
367 Calcium fumarate
368 Ammonium fumarate
380 Ammonium citrate or Triammonium citrate
381* Ferric ammonium citrate
450 Potassium pyrophosphate or Sodium acid pyrophosphate or
Sodium pyrophosphate
451 Potassium tripolyphosphate or Sodium tripolyphosphate
500 Sodium carbonate or Sodium bicarbonate
501 Potassium carbonate or Potassium bicarbonate
503 Ammonium bicarbonate or Ammonium hydrogen carbonate
504* Magnesium carbonate
507 Hydrochloric acid
514 Sodium sulphate
515 Potassium sulphate
526* Calcium hydroxide
529* Calcium oxide
541 Sodium aluminium phosphate
575 Glucono delta-lactone
578* Calcium gluconate
580* Magnesium gluconate
300* Ascorbic acid
301* Sodium ascorbate
302* Calcium ascorbate
303* Potassium ascorbate
304* Ascorbyl palmitate
306* Tocopherols concentrate, mixed
307* alpha -Tocopherol
308 gamma - Tocopherol
309 delta - Tocopherol
310 Propyl gallate
311 Octyl gallate
312 Dodecyl gallate
315 Erythorbic acid
316 Sodium erythorbate
319 tert-Butylhydroquinone
320 Butylated hydroxyanisole
321 Butylated hydroxytoluene
322 Lecithin
330 Citric acid
334 Tartaric acid
385 Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate or
Calcium disodium EDTA
512 Stannous chloride
586 4-hexylresorcinol
1102 Glucose oxidase
181 Tannic acid or tannins
322 Lecithin
331 Sodium citrates
332 Potassium citrates
333* Calcium citrate
336 Potassium tartrate or Potassium acid tartrate
337 Potassium sodium tartrate
339* Sodium phosphates
340* Potassium phosphates
341* Calcium phosphates
400 Alginic acid
401 Sodium alginate
402 Potassium alginate
403 Ammonium alginate
404 Calcium alginate
405 Propylene glycol alginate
406 Agar
407 Carrageenan
407a Processed eucheuma seaweed
409 Arabinogalactan or Larch gum
410 Locust bean gum or Carob bean gum
412 Guar gum
413 Tragacanth gum
414 Acacia or Gum arabic
415 Xanthan gum
416 Karaya gum
418 Gellan gum
420 Sorbitol or Sorbitol syrup
431 Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate
433 Polysorbate 80 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate
435 Polysorbate 60 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monostearate
436 Polysorbate 65 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate
440 Pectin
442 Ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid
444 Sucrose acetate isobutyrate
445 Glycerol esters of wood rosins
450 Potassium pyrophosphate or Sodium acid pyrophosphate or
Sodium pyrophosphate
452 Potassium polymetaphosphate or Sodium metaphosphate,
insoluble or Sodium polyphosphates, glassy
461 Methyl cellulose
463 Hydroxypropyl cellulose
464 Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
465 Methyl ethyl cellulose
466 Sodium carboxymethylcellulose
470 Aluminium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium and ammonium
salts of fatty acids
471 Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids
472a Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol
472b Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol
472c Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol
472e Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol
472f Mixed tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol
473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids
475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
476 Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid
477 Propylene glycol mono - and di-esters or Propylene glycol esters of fattyacids
480 Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate
481 Sodium lactylate or Sodium oleyl lactylate or Sodium stearoyl lactylate
482 Calcium lactylate or Calcium oleyl lactylate or Calcium stearoyllactylate
491 Sorbitan monostearate
492 Sorbitan tristearate
501 Potassium carbonate or Potassium bicarbonate
508 Potassium chloride
541 Sodium aluminium phosphate
542* Bone phosphate
900a Polydimethylsiloxane or Dimethylpolysiloxane
965 Maltitol and Maltitol syrup or Hydrogenated glucose syrup
967 Xylitol
1001 Choline salts
1101 Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin)
1200 Polydextrose
1201 Polyvinylpyrolidone
1400 Dextrin roasted starch
1401 Acid treated starch
1402 Alkaline treated starch
1403 Bleached starch
1404 Oxidised starch
1405 Enzyme treated starches
1410 Monostarch phosphate
1412 Distarch phosphate
1413 Phosphated distarch phosphate
1414 Acetylated distarch phosphate
1420 Starch acetate esterified with acetic anhydride
1422 Acetylated distarch adipate
1440 Hydroxypropyl starch
1442 Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate
1450 Starch sodium octenylsuccinate

170* Calcium carbonate
341* Calcium phosphates
343* Magnesium phosphates
381* Ferric ammonium citrate
460 Cellulose, microcrystalline and powdered
470 Aluminium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium and
ammonium salts of fatty acids
500 Sodium carbonate or Sodium bicarbonate
504* Magnesium carbonate
530* Magnesium oxide
535 Sodium ferrocyanide
536 Potassium ferrocyanide
542* Bone phosphate
551 Silicon dioxide, amorphous
552 Calcium silicate
553 Magnesium silicate or Talc
554 Sodium aluminosilicate
555 Potassium aluminium silicate
556 Calcium aluminium silicate
558 Bentonite
559 Aluminium silicate
560 Potassium silicate
900a Polydimethylsiloxane or Dimethylpolysiloxane
953 Isomalt
325 Sodium lactate
326 Potassium lactate
350 Sodium malates
420 Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup
421 Mannitol
422 Glycerin or glycerol
914 Oxidised polyethylene
953 Isomalt
965 Maltitol and Maltitol syrup or Hydrogenated glucose syrup
966 Lactitol
967 Xylitol
968 Erythritol
1200 Polydextrose
1518 Triacetin
1520 Propylene glycol
500 Sodium carbonate or Sodium bicarbonate
503 Ammonium bicarbonate or Ammonium hydrogen carbonate
575 Glucono delta-lactone
920 L-cysteine monohydrochloride
509* Calcium chloride
511* Magnesium chloride
516* Calcium sulphate
518* Magnesium sulphate
526 Calcium hydroxide
578* Calcium gluconate
580* Magnesium gluconate
465 Methyl ethyl celluloid
570 Stearic acid or fatty acid
620 L-glutamic acid
621 Monosodium L-glutamate or MSG
622 Monopotassium L-glutamate
623 Calcium glutamate
624 Monoammonium L-glutamate
625 Magnesium glutamate
627 Disodium 5' -guanylate
631 Disodium 5' -inosinate
635 Disodium 5' -ribonucleotides
636 Maltol
637 Ethyl maltol
640 Glycine
641 L-Leucine
957 Thaumatin
570 Stearic acid or fatty acid
901 Beeswax, white and yellow
903 Carnauba wax
904 Shellac
905b Petrolatum or Petroleum jelly
290 Carbon dioxide
941 Nitrogen
942 Nitrous oxide
943a Butane
943b Isobutane
944 Propane
946 Octafluorocyclobutane
420 Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup
421 Mannitol
950 Acesulphame potassium
951 Aspartame
952 Cyclamate or Calcium cyclamate or Sodium cyclamate
953 Isomalt
954 Saccharin
955 Sucralose
956 Alitame
957 Thaumatin
961 Neotame
965 Maltitol and Maltitol syrup or Hydrogenated glucose syrup
966 Lactitol
967 Xylitol
968 Erythritol
325 Sodium lactate
326 Potassium lactate
510 Ammonium chloride
953 Isomalt
1200 Polydextrose
1100 alpha-Amylase
1101 Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin)
1104 Lipases
1105 Lysozyme
1505 Triethyl citrate
1521 Polyethylene glycol 8000
519* Cupric sulphate (mineral salt)
577 Potassium gluconate (sequestrant)
579* Ferrous gluconate (colour retention agent)